A Heritage Protection Plan is a pro-active plan of action to manage, in practice, the delicate balance between heritage protection and economic benefit. If enshrined in legislation it would have made new act stronger. However, it can continue to be used as a guardrail for agreement-making between Aboriginal people, miners, pastoralists and others, providing effective management of activities that might harm Aboriginal cultural heritage. It will provide certainty through a clear regulatory framework based on substantive, authentic and sustained engagement to achieve the right balance between protection and profit. It will stop the destruction of significant Aboriginal cultural heritage sites without stopping development.